Adelaida RosaldoUniversity of the Philippines Manila School of Health Sciences, Philippines
Title: Immediate psychological response and coping styles of tertiary school employees during the COVID-19 pandemic
The COVID-19 outbreak broadly affected not only the physical but also the psychological wellbeing of the people. However, few studies have been conducted concerning its psychological impact specifically on employees from the academe. The study determines the psychological responses and coping styles of employees of the School of Health Sciences at the University of the Philippines - Manila during the COVID-19 pandemic. Specifically, this study sought the association between participants’ socio-demographic characteristics and their psychological responses, and between participants’ psychological responses and their coping styles used. A cross-sectional design and self-selection or volunteer sampling were used to recruit 46 academics and support staff. The data were collected in April 2020. Psychological responses were determined with the 10-item Kessler’s Psychological Distress Scale. Coping styles were assessed with the short-form Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire. Likelihood ratio chi-square tests and Spearman rho tests were conducted to test the hypotheses. Statistical significance was determined at p < .05. The majority of participants reported low levels of psychological distress in the early stage of the pandemic (n=44; 95.65%). We found a statistically significant relationship between psychological responses and coping styles characterized by rumination (rs = 0.454; P = 0.002) and catastrophizing (rs = 0.408; P = 0.005). Our study confirmed the significance of psychological responses during the COVID-19 pandemic and demonstrated a specific association with coping styles characterized by rumination and catastrophizing but are unsuitably less adaptive. Hence, the application of less adaptive techniques when psychologically distressed from the pandemic need to be corrected or modified.
Adelaida Gaytos Rosaldo is an Associate Professor of the Doctor of Medicine department. She is currently the College Secretary of the University of the Philippines Manila School of Health Sciences. She’s been the department chair of Medicine from 2013-2020. She joined with the Doctors to the barrios Program of the Department of Health as Rural health Physician from 2004- 2006. She then had her residency training in the Department of Family and Community Medicine of the Eastern Visayas Regional Medical Center from 2007- 2010. As a faculty, she’s been an awardee of the One UP Professorial Chair Award for Excellence in Teaching and Public Service in 2016-2018 and 2019-2021. She is a Fellow of the Philippine Academy of Family Physicians. Her field of interest is on Maternal and Family Health Care and welfare and health systems research.