Amir Iqbal MemonLiaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Pakistan
Title: Comparative Analysis of Short-Course Vs Long Course Antibiotic Therapy among Patients with Complicated Intra-Abdominal Infections
Background: Complicated intra-abdominal infections have become a major health challenge that merits safe and efficacious therapy. Antibiotic therapy is the treatment of choice, however the duration of antibiotic use is debatable.
Objective: To compare the safety and efficacy of the short course and long course antibiotic therapy towards the treatment and the progressive outcome of patients presented with complicated intra-abdominal infections.
Methodology: This comparative study was carried out on 94 subjects (chosen via non-probability, consecutive sampling), who presented with complicated intra-abdominal infections, had signs and symptoms of infection along with ultrasound abdomen examination consistent with infective foci and routine blood test showing raised total leukocyte count, at the Department of Surgery - Liaquat University Hospital, Hyderabad. Subjects were divided into two groups (47 in each) through a random assignments. Group-A was kept on a short course (5-7-days) while Group-B was kept on a long course (7-10 days) antibiotic therapy. Data were documented using a structured questionnaire, including inquiries related to sociodemographic details, disease specifics, and observed for the outcome variables (mainly postoperative early resolution of infection and long hospital stay).
Results: In Group A, resolution of infection was achieved in 59.57%, 29.79% and 10.64% patients on day 5, 6 and 7, respectively. In Group B, resolution of infection was only reported as 42.55%, 36.17% and 21.28% on day 5, 6 and 7, respectively. The median duration of taking antibiotic was almost half in short course group than the long. Surgical site infections were commonly observed in Group B patients. There was no mortality observed in both groups. There is no significance difference observed in primary outcome of clinical cure among the groups.
Conclusion: It can be concluded that the short course antibiotic therapy has good efficacy to treat CIAI when the primary foci of infection are surgically extracted with adequate source control.
After MBBS from Liaquat University of Medical & Health sciences jamshoro, he did FCPS from the College of Physician & Surgeon Pakistan in the discipline of General Surgery, Diploma in Laparoscopic Surgery from IRCAD France & Certificate course in Medical Education from Pakistan. He is having more than 20 years experience in the surgical era & publication of about 30 research articles. Along with that he have been organized many national and attended international seminars & conferences. Working in faculty as Professor and Head of surgical unit-II LUMHS Jamshoro. Currently he is practicing as General, Laparoscopic & Oncological surgeon as well as performing upper & lower GI endoscopy.