Stéphanie JabbourLebanese International University , Belgium
Title: Knowledge, attitude and practice of patients with diabetes towards diabetic nephropathy, neuropathy and retinopathy
Epidemiological and knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) studies about diabetic microvascular complications, are lacking. The goals are: determining 1) the prevalence of diabetes mellitus subtypes and microvascular complications, 2) the KAP towards the complications and 3) health-seeking behaviors, barriers to follow-up, stigma and sources of information. A cross-sectional study was conducted from January-October 2020 enrolling 380 Lebanese patients with diabetes asked about socio-demographic and lifestyle characteristics, medical, therapeutic, supplement, and dietary history, KAP scores, health-seeking behavior, stigma, barriers to compliance and sources of information. The prevalence of diabetes type II, type I, gestational and the microvascular complications was 82.23%, 15.65%, 2.12% and 33.07% respectively. Factors with significant association were: 1) good quality of life (?=-0.03;p=0.005) and presence of microvascular complications (?=3.58;p=0.001) with knowledge score, 2) good quality of life (?=-0.01;p=0.02) and absence of the complications (?=-0.33;p=0.001) with attitude score, 3) advanced age (?=0.01;p=0.01), no metformin (?=-0.39;p=0.005), and low-protein diet (?=0.6;p=0.02) with practice score. Patients visited community pharmacy (41.84%) and clinic (46.32%). Barriers were costs (33.42%) and time (30.53%). Few talked about the complications to the family (19.74%). Source of information was healthcare workers. Awareness campaigns should be tailored accordingly to retard the microvascular complications.
Stéphanie Jabbour completed her PharmD at the Lebanese International University of Beirut, Lebanon in 2020. This is the first publication in which she was cited, as the corresponding author. She is working on future publications, covering a variety of subjects. Stéphanie recently joined the CHR – Haute Sennes Hospital in Belgium working as a pharmacist.